Justification for Challenges

Chin Hills Coffee is the best quality coffee in Myanmar, however, coffee farmers do not get the high price because they are lack of knowledge and skills of processing methods in this industries. When they got training and understand international buyer demand and standards they can get more income. On the other hand, the coffee plantation can control deforestation, climate change and biodiversities in the regions. Shifting cultivation model is still using in this regions and that boost deforestation.

Coffee is a highly labor-intensive crop but why it is so cheap in Myanmar because it is still a low-profit crop in Myanmar and many farmers have chosen to stop planting coffee and switch to more lucrative items. Many coffee cultivators in Myanmar included Chin farmers facing lack of market demand, technical and financial support while the international coffee market is strong and high demand. Coffee is still a cheap commodity in Myanmar the consumers and growers don’t see the opportunities as a premium product.

Coffee cultivation in Myanmar started since in the late of 18 century. However, commercial production is still relatively small amounts. Coffee cultivation and production in Myanmar was as follow. In 2012-2013 statistic, cultivation 1283 acres, production 912 acres and total yield 156 Metric-ton in Chin state while the whole Myanmar cultivation 60820.9 acres, production 26991.5 acres and total yield 7441 MT. The annual growth rate in global coffee consumption has averaged 2 percent since 2011, and the world consumed the equivalent of 152.2 million 60kg bags in 2015, according to the intergovernmental International Coffee Organisation.

Most smallholder farmers cannot provide the investments needed to transform their agricultural systems into more climate-smart and sustainable systems with higher soil fertility and greater diversity.